Prime Minister Syed Yusuf Raza Gilani visited the Republic of Korea to attend the Second Nuclear Security Summit held in Seoul on 26-27 March, 2012. Foreign Minister Hina Rabbani Khar was accompany the Prime Minister. The First Nuclear Security Summit was held in Washington in April 2010. The Seoul Summit is a follow-up to the […]
Monthly Archives: March 2012
AFTER THE LOSS OF ITS BASE IN AFGHANISTAN AND THE DEATH OF its leader Osama bin Laden in Pakistan, optimists may have thought that the terrorist organisation was on its last legs. Not if the al Qaeda “Branches” is any indication, however. The attack by the Yemen branch of al Qaeda, one of the most active “branches”, on a military base in Kud, just south of the main city of Zinjibar in the insurgent-infested province of Abyan yielded a devastating worst ever defeat for the Yemen army in its 10-month old campaign against al Qaeda in the area. The death toll them the attack has risen to 185 soldiers, with many of the bodies mutilated and some headless. Apparently the terrorist were able to achieve complete surprise when attacking the sleeping camp from the rear, where there was zero surveillance. They not only overran the base, they then turned the army’s captured armored vehicles and artillery against the soldiers. The defeat comes as a serious blow to newly installed President Abed Rabbo Mansour Hadi’s declared resolve the other day to fight al Qaeda in the province. In fact, some observers are inclined to see the attach as a direct response to the president’s challenge. Not surprisingly, the surprise attack and the mutilations have left government troops fearful and with low morale. Another 55 soldiers were capture and paraded through a nearby town by the terrorist, who lost 32 fighters in the assault. The opposition to and lengthy year long protest against longtime ruler Ali Abdullah Saleh, who only handed over power to Hadi last month, left the Yemeni state weaker in its campaign against the terrorist. Reports say the soldiers in the overrun base were poorly equipped and better trained and armed anti-terrorist units needed to be brought to the front. Hadi has reiterated his resolve to continue the struggle against al Qaeda, but it seems he has a long way to go before such claims can be taken seriously.
After 9/11, US President George Bush decided to go after al Qaeda in the manner of killing a fly with a sledgehammer, invading and occupying al Qaeda;s host country Afghanistan, ruled then by the Taliban. In the process, the splattered piece of the al Qaeda elements escaping from Afghanistan to Pakistan spread fairly rapidly to other countries, either in the shape of some al Qaeda members returning to the counties, either in the shape of some al Qaeda members returning to the countries of their origin to carry on their terrorist activities there, or local groups springing up throughout the Middle East and even as far as Indonesia. The struggle against this new widespread threat has had a mixed bag or result. Indonesia seems to have managed to put the lid on terrorism after the terrible bombing in Bale. In Somalia, the al Shabaab groups is wrestling the government for power. Invaded Iraq also gave a fillip to al Qaeda in that country. With the withdrawal of US fores from that war, a noticeable resurgence of terrorism has been evident in recent days. Europe too has seen its share of terrorism by elements inspired by al Qaeda’s malign message.
In Afghanistan and Pakistan, despite being reportedly based in FATA, especially North Waziristan, al Qaeda has maintained a reasonably low profile, the occasional leaked message from Osama bin Laden and after his death, his successor Ayman Al Zawahri, notwithstanding. Here the task has been “contracted” out to local Taliban groups across the border between Pakistan and Afghanistan. It is arguable on the evidence therefor that al Qaeda may be down, but by no means out. Apprehensions of al Qaeda finding a revived base in Afghanistan if the Taliban return to power are not without foundation. Unfortunately, the heavy handed tactics of the US and NATO have failed to contain, let alone scotch, the phenomenon. The world’s response has been confuse lacking coordinating, and therefor ineffective in wiping out the terrorist organisation. Of course the dual policy of the Pakistan military establishment vis-a vis jihadi groups has not helped. The hope is that US/NATO withdrawal from the Afghan theater notwithstanding., the world will revisit and formulate a more intelligent strategy to contain and eliminate the menace that threatens many countries in the region and further abroad.
ALWAYS LOADED WITH ODD question my son asked me the other day, “if you’re made the prime minister of Pakistan, dad, for no more than one day, what agenda would you follow?” “well.” i responded, “Although i have no political ambitions, i don’t mind a flight of fancy. Veritably and indubitably, it would make it a term crowded with important events, and carry out priority functions, i will stride to the PM House with my Vision Statement: All Round Prosperity, and in a meeting with ministers and department secretaries, sharing my vision i will seek their input about the best possible means of achieving it.
As the first and foremost obligation I will declare my assets in the media. I will ban may photo and name in the media because i believe that action speak louder then words. A presence in the media does not make someone popular. It makes people sick of your name, your face. I will aspire not to remain in the eyes but desire a place in hearts, and hence my work will serve as a driving force to win people’s hearts.
As a proud Pakistani and with conscientious rectitude, i will sculpt people focused policies without any foreign aid because i know with certainty that prosperity has never landed in a country that holds a begging bowl.
Education will rank at the top of may agenda. There will be a directive to governors to transform universities into centres of excellence and lighthouses of knowledge. The emphasis will be on redesigning of education relevant to real life, thus preparing students for the 21 st century. The significant feature of our school system’s focus on intangible aspects, curriculum, content context, problems-based learning, creativity, integration of university research with industry and innovation, as the linchpin of training programmes, will be ensured. As part of the knowledge system, libraries will be regarding as trenchant engines for change. To create a reading culture, i will order establishment of a library in each town and ensure sustainability thereof.
As another priority item, i will issue a directive for the development of patient-centred healthcare services and to carve out a modus operandi for integrating medical college research with public health issues.
I will not use official transport but ride in my personal car: no bulletproof vehicle for me. I will move around without a police escort or any security splendour, there will be no interruptions in traffic flow in the name of the so called VVIP travel. Even though i will discourage VVIP culture, if any of my ministers genuinely needed a bulletproof car, he will have to buy it with his own money. For me, no official resident, furnished with soft and downy beds, as I will continue to sleep on the carpet. My diet will consist of simple foods, fruits and salads, fetched from home by my personal domestic servant.
I will unleash a motivation plantation programme involving the general public, business people and student . I will make sure at least 36 million (two per citizen) saplings gain ground.
I will order the establishment of corruption oversight bodies at the President House, the PM House, all minister and public corporations. These bodies shall be manned by professionals and technically skilled people, maintaining highest standards of morality and integrity.
As part of police reforms, i will get a code of conduct, code of ethics, performance standards and accountability structures developed, and thus establish a new uncorrupted culture and new rules of the game. As servants of the people, the police will be expected to hold the people in reverence. I will ensure each citizen is protected and the fear of the being victimised removed. I will be successful when an unaccompanied young woman laden with jewelry will be able to confidently move around even when it’s dark.
I will seek regulation for those public leaders, office holders and head of public corporation, who despite rolling in majestic perks, deliver nothing except their follies and silliness, and thus put stress on our economy by interrupting power or gas supplies – a classic example of abysmal ignorance to serve as an example for others, with serve punitive action for playing gewgaw with the nation’s assets.
I will pass a directive for the development of job descriptions, performance measuring tools and criteria for selections and appointment of the heads of public corporations.
Inflation is badly pricking the poor. My economic managers will devise a price-control mechanism to ensure that no vendor increases prices without proportional cost of inputs. A raison d’etre will be demanded .
I will ask my finance minister to design a framework that bring into the tax net every citizen who earns- including newspaper hawkers, office tea-boys, barbers, big and small farmers, and shoe-menders. No tax exemption to any earner shall be allowed, but it will be a business-friendly tax policy
I will oversee a meeting of may managers in the industries department focusing on industrial policy as a powerful doodah for financial prosperity and put forward a plan for crafting a policy mainly focusing on productivity, competitiveness, innovation and eminently, entrepreneurship.
I will also have a strict law passed by parliament for those who fake or adulterate drugs and food items. The culprits will be severely punished.
In the dead of night , my phone will alert me five minutes before the end term. One again, i will make a press announcement about my assets (including assets of my family members) in an unambiguous way. I will also press myself for accountability to the public and elected leadership. Upon reaching home, i will bow before Allah in a thanks giving prayer for having enabled me to fulfil a mandate that i tried to execute on the strengths of the Qur’an and Hadith.
The long awaited election of 54 members of the senate, the upper house of the parliament,tool place on Maech2, enabling the PPP to emerge as the single largest political party in the Senate. The PML(N), the ANP and the MQM also made gains, becoming next three leading parties respectively. There was no surprise in this result because these parties were expected to lead in view of their standing in the provincial assemblies that constituted the Senate’s election-college.
The successful completion of the Senate election marks the realization of one of two goals set out by the PPP for 2012. The second goal is the national budget which is expected to be presented in late May for its approval by mid-June. This is going to be the election-budget and will set the stage for announcement of the election schedule in consultation with teh federal coalition parties and the opposition, especially the PML(N).
The opposition political parties and a section of the media had been talking about the collapse of the PPP-led coalition government timke and again since 2009. A number of definite dates surfaced in the media in 2011 when the military or the Supreme Court was expected to replace the federal government, including President Asif Ali , with an interim or technocrat government. The last deadline for the removal of the federal government passed in December 2011.
The result of the Senate election have strengthened the position of the PPP in the political system. The recent by-election to 10 national and provincial assemblies also showed that the PPP would continue to function as as a political force in Pakistan
The increased strength of the PPP in the Senate does not mean that its governance will improve. It is expected the muddle through to the next general election before the end of the year. It will continue to face alienation within its party ranks and sharp criticism in the media but it is neither expected to collapse nor improve its performance. It may provide some economic relief to the common people in the next budget but it will not be able to address the structural problems of the economy.
It is easy to point out the deficiencies in the performance of the PPP-led federal government but there is no guarantee that its exit from power would significantly improve government and salvage the economy. The opposition parties are no less short on strategies to address the current socio-economic and internal security problems. As a matter of fact, the PML(N), the main opposition party, is in power in the Punjab. Its performance is no better tahn that of the federal government.
The Senate has limited power with no control over the budget, although it can recommend changes in the budget to the National Assembly. The latter is free to adopt or reject these recommendation. However, the PPP’s success gives a psychological boost to the party at a time when it is under strong pressure from the Supreme Court and, at times, from the military. The memo issue also haunts the federal government Mansoor Ijaz, the author of the memo, has come out with a number of stories against President Zardari without providing concrete evidence. How could he get the information about the alleged communication between the army chief and the presidency regarding the May 2 American operation in Abbottabad? How could he claim to know about the flight of an F 16 aircraft? Either Mansoor is a fiction writer or so powerful that he gets confidential information both from Pakistan and the US?
However, if the coalition of four parties remains intact at the federal level, the political clout of the PPP will stay intact. It can get a new PM of its choice elected by the National assembly who may continue with the present policies, including the issue of writing a letter to swiss authorities.
The media and some opposition leaders have talked of the role of money for buying votes, although no concrete evidence has been provided in this respect. The role of money or manipulation can be possible where party loyalty is weak, as in Balochistan, or the electoral-collage is too small, as in FATA. In other places, party loyalties have remained effective. The only exception was in the Punjab where a defector from the PML(Q) contested independently and defeated a PPP candidate because of this personal relation with some PPP members and the PML(N)’s desire to patronise defiance of PML(Q)’s leadership, the Chaudhrys.
Islambad and The FATA are overrepresented in the Senate. Islamabad has four members and the FATA has 8 members. this representation needs to be rationalised. The most intriguing situation is in the FATA whose 8 senators (4 after every three years) are elected by 12 FATA members in the National assembly. The smallness of the electoral-college creates the scope for easy manipulation and purchase of votes by money.
Purchase of vote by cash payment has to be distinguished from allocation of development funds to parliamentarian. Development funds are regularly given to all parliamentarians even if there are no election. There is no concrete evidence available to suggest taht votes were purchased in the Senate elections.
Politics is not expected to change much after the Senate election. The federal government will continue with its survival struggle in the fact of multiple challenges either from other state institution and the opposition political forces or its own follies. Religious extremism and terrorism will continue to haunt governance and economic management.
The Writer is an Independent Political and Defence Analys
Top pentagon officials considering putting elite special operations troops under CIA control in Afghanistan after 2014
WASHINGTON: Top Pentagon officials are considering putting elite special operations troops under CIA control in Afghanistan after 2014,just as they were during last year’s raid on Osama bin Laden’s compound in Pakistan, source told The Associated press.
The plan is one of several possible scenarios being debated by Pentagon staffers. It defence Secretary Leon Penetta, the White House or Congress, the source said.
If the plan were adopted , the US and Afghanistan could say there are no more US troops on the ground in the war-tron country because once the SEALs, Rangers and other elite units assigned to CIA control, every temporarily, they become spies.
No matter who’s in charge, the special operations units still would target terrorist on joint raids with Afghan force to do the job on their own.
The idea floated by a senior defence intelligence official comes as US defence chiefs try to figure out how to draw down troops fast enough to meet the White House’ 2014 deadline.
Pentagon staffers already have put forward a plan to hand over much of the war fighting to special operations troops.
This idea would take that plan one step further, shrinking the US presence to less than 20,000 troops after 2014, according to four current and two former US officials, who spoke on condition of anonymity.
Pentagon spokesman George Little denied the idea is being discussed. ” Any suggestion that such a plan exist is simply wrong.” Little said on Saturday.
“United States special operations forces continue to work closely with the intelligence community to confront a range of national security challenges across the world.”
Reducing the US presence faster would be a political boon for the White House and the Afghan government. with Afghan sentiment raw over incidents ranging from civilian casualties from US strike operations to the recent burning of the holy Quran by US troops.
But a CIA -run war would mean that the US public would not be informed about funding or operations, as they are in a traditional war. Oversight would fall to the White House, top intelligence officials, and a few congressional committees. Embedding journalist would be out of the question.
Two senior defence officials said that neither the CIA nor Special Operation Command has put this plan forward officially to Pentagon. The other officials who said they have been part of discussion about the plan say it would require the assent of the White House and congressional oversight committees, and would be contingent upon the approval of the Afghan government. the idea has not yet been presented at any of those levels, the source said.
The CIA’s intelligence and paramilitary elements regularly work alongside special operation units, both in the war zone and in areas where terrorist operate. On a case-by-case basis, elite special operation units are assigned to the CIA for mission when the US wants total deniability, usually in areas where the US is operating without the local government’s permission, as in the bin Laden raid.
The notion of longer-term assignment to the CIA does not sit well with some senior special operation commanders, who want their unites to remain autonomous in order to keep their troops under Defence Department legal parameters. If CIA -assigned troops are captured, for example, they are treated like spies, not protected by the Geneva the treatment of prisoners of war.
But putting special operations troops in the CIA’s employ in Afghanistan could be attractive to the Afghan government because it would make the troops less visible and give Afghan President Hamid Karazai the added bonus of being able to say US troops had withdrawn from his country.
Some of people work day and night they want to achieve in life lot of success, after passing some time they look self near sky and they play with star like one sleeper looking in dream but real life he /she on the bad, in fact they silently west time .
In my selective study about those people they work hard in life but they never reach those plan where they would being.
Read follow two main part which defiantly helpful and support when you take this is serious in your life.
Must for student to learn two thing’s during his study ,first is learn what we read,? it’s question must for every reader ,second what i achieve when i complete it .
So these are two question but helpful during study and after then , when we start work in our professional life we face them but at that time we has no complete chance to relies whole .
Some planner describe that we must for beginning work we sketch raw in our mind that what is good for us and how we complete our work, time duration, how complete, changing of environment, body structure ,reading or working speed ,etc.
Be care for two thing What you want doing? How you achieve